The success of feed management is usually reflected in the performance of the Average Daily Gain (ADG) level. Therefore, this study aims to determine the potential effect of dry matter (DM) on the ADG of beef cattle, as well as rice straw carrying capacity as a feed alternative. The study was conducted in Samarinda City using an analytical survey and purposive sampling method. Data were collected by conducting interviews using a questionnaire. Thirty-two (32) respondents with 4 cattle each were included and interviewed based on the prepared questioner for this study. The rice straw provided to the animals was weighted and sample was collected from each respondent for 30 days. The sample were then sent to the lab for analysis of proximate. Chest circumference and body length were measured from 123 cattle which were then used to predict their body weight according to Schoorl formula. The collected data were subject to descriptive statistical analysis. In addition, the Spearman correlation coefficient test was used to determine the association between the amount of DM intake and ADG, while simple linear regression analysis was used to assess the potential effects. The results showed that the study location is dominated by smallholder or traditional livestock and the overall feed given is in the form of forage and agricultural by-products. Beef cattle in the Districts of North Samarinda, Palaran, Sambutan, and Samarinda Ulu had an average ADG of 0.44±0.05 up to 0.45±0.05 kg. The linear regression analysis showed that every kg of DM intake increased the ADG by 0.945 kg. Regarding rice straw production, each hectare was able to supply the DM needs of beef cattle amounting to approximately 2.7 AU/year.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before or is under consideration for publication elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract). When the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
Alemneh, T., and M. Getabalew. 2019. Beef Cattle Production Systems, Challenges, and Opportunities in Ethiopia. Juniper Online Journal of Public Health 5(1): 1-5. https://doi.org /10.19080/JOJPH.2019. 05.555651002
Statistics Indonesia (BPS). 2020. East Kalimantan in Number 2020. Statistics Indonesia. East Kalimantan.https://kaltim.bps.go.id/publication/2020/04/27/09a2f696ac7ee2ce6d0bbb27/provinsi-kalimanta n-timur-dalam-angka-2020.html. (Accessed: May 05, 2020)
Statistics Indonesia (BPS). 2020. Samarinda City in Number 2020. Statistics Indonesia. Samarinda City. https://samarindakota.bps.go.id/publication/2020 /04/27/4f263d1ab55ba7b650c25f14/kotasamarinda-dalam-angka-2020.html. (Accessed: May 05, 2020)
Statistics Indonesia (BPS). 2019. Samarinda City in Number 2019. Statistics Indonesia. Samarinda City.https://samarindakota.bps.go.id/publication/2019/08/16/2dea8b9dfa85ef19313bd21c/kotasamarinda-dalam-angka-2019.html. (Accessed: June 06, 2020)
Barbero, R. P., E. B.Malheiros, N. M. Aguilar, E. P.Romanzini, A. C. Ferrari, R. L. G. Nave, J. T.Mullinks, and R. A. Reis. 2020. Supplementation Level Increasing Dry Matter Intake of Beef Cattle Grazing Low Herbage Height. Journal of Applied Animal Research 48(1):28-33. https://doi.org/10. 1080/09712119.2020.1715985
Beigh, Y. A, A.M.Ganai and H. A. Ahmad. 2017. Prospects of Complete Feed System in Ruminant Feeding: A Review. Veterinary World 10(4): 424-437.https://doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2017.424-437
Dung, D. V., H. Roubik, L. D. Ngoan, L. D. Phung, and N. X. Ba. 2019. Characterization of Smallholder Beef Cattle Production System in Central Vietnam-Revealing Performance, Trends, Constraints, and Future Development. Tropical Animal Science Journal 42(3): 253-260.https://doi.org/10. 5398/tasj.2019.42.3.253
Ertl. P, Q.Zebeli, W.Zollitsch, and W. Knaus. 2015. Feeding of By-Products Completely Replaced Cereals and Pulses in Dairy Cows and Enhanced Edible Feed Conversion Ratio. Journal Dairy Science 98(2):1225-1233. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.3168/jds.2014-8810
Flaten, O., A. K. Bakken, A. Lindas, and H.Steinshamn. 2019. Forage Production Strategies for Improved Profitability in Organic Dairy Production at High Latitudes. Livestock Science 223: 97-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2019.03.004
Freetly, H. C., L. A. Kuehn, R. M.Thallman, and W. M. Snelling. 2020. Heritability and Genetic Correlations of Feed Intake, Body Weight Gain, Residual Gain, And Residual Feed Intake of Beef Cattle as Heifers and Cows. Journal of Animal Science 98(1):1-6.https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/ skz394
Goodman, B. A. 2020. Utilization of Waste Straw and Husks from Rice Production: A Review. Journal of Bioresources and Bioproducts 5:143-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobab.2020.07.001
Havekes, C. D., T. F. Duffield, A. J. Carpenter, and T. J. DeVries. 2020. Effects of Wheat Straw Chop Length in High-Straw Dry Cow Diets on Intake, Health, and Performance of Dairy Cows Across the Transition Period.Journal of Dairy Science 103:254-271.https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-17033
Hiablie, S. A., C. A. Rotz, R. Stout, J. Dillon, and K. S. Lawson. 2015. Management Characteristics of Cow-Calf, Stocker, and Finishing Operations in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. The Professional Animal Scientist 31:1-10.http://dx.doi.org/ 10.15232/pas.2014
Hill, D. L., and E. Wall. 2017. Weather Influences Feed Intake and Feed Efficiency in a Temperate Climate. Journal Dairy Science 100: 2240-2257.https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11047
Houlahan, K, F. S. Schenkel, F.Miglior, G. A. O. Jr, A. Fleming, T. C. S.Chud, and C. F. Baesa. 2019. Comparing the Use of Dry Matter Intake and Residual Feed Intake to Improve Feed Efficiency in Holstein Cattle. Interbull Bulletin 55: 50-57.
Ilham, F., M, Sayuti, and T. A. E.Nugroho. 2018. Quality Improvement of Rice Straw as Cattle Feed Source Through Ammoniation by Using Urea in Central Timbuolo Village, Gorontalo Province. Community Services Journal 24(2): 717-722. http://jurnal.unimed.ac.id/2012/index.php/jpkm/article/view/10735
Imran, S. P. Budhi, N. Ngadiyono, and Dahlanudin. 2012. The Growth of Weaning Calves Fed with Natural Grass and Supplemented with Turi Leaves (Sesbania grandiflora). Agrinimal 2(2): 55-60.
Kurniawati, R., P. N.Gariri, M. V.Safitri, Maskur, Nurkholis, and S.Nusantoro. 2019. Feeding evaluation of Bali Bulls breeding (Bos sondaicus). Tropical Livestock Nutrient Journal2(2): 47-50.
Lasfeto, D B and M DLetik. 2017. A measuring weight model of Timor’s Cattle Based on Image. International Journal of Engineering and Technology9(2): 677-688. https://doi.org/10. 21817/ijet/2017/v9i2/170902089
Madruga, A., R. S. Abril, L. A. Gonzalez, X. Manteca, N. P. Riera, M. Gil, and A. Ferret. 2019. Using 19% Alfalfa Hay in Beef Feedlot Finishing Diets Did Not Modify Meat Quality but Increased Feed Intake and ADG. Journal Animal Science 97:2076–2086. https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz040
Matias, J., V. Cruz, A. Garcia and D. Gonzalez. 2019. Evaluation of Rice Straw Yield, Fibre Composition and Collection Under Mediterranean Conditions. Acta Technologica Agriculturae 2: 43-47.https://doi.org/10.2478/ata-2019-0008
Mayulu, H., Sunarso, M.Christiyanto and F. Ballo. 2013. Intake and Digestibility of Cattle’s Ration on Complete Feed Based-On Fermented Ammonization Rice Straw with Different Protein Level. International Journal of Science and Engineering 4(2):86-91.https://doi.org/10.12777 /ijse.4.2.86-91
Mayulu, H. 2014. The Nutrient Digestibility of Locally Sheep Fed with Amofer Palm Oil Byproduct-Based Complete Feed. International Journal of Science and Engineering 7(2):106-111.https://doi.org /10.12777/ijse.7.2.106-111
Mayulu, H and Suhardi. 2015. Nutrient Potency of Rice Straw Processed with Amofer as Cattle Feed Stuff in East Kalimantan. International Journal of Science and Engineering 9(2):101-https://doi.org/105 .10.12777/ijse.9.2.101-105
Mayulu, H and Suhardi. 2015. Potency and carrying capacity of rice straw for beef cattle feeding in East Kalimantan. Animal Science and Technology Journal 4(3): 119-129.
Mayulu, H. 2015. Pakan sapi potong dan efisiensi usaha penggemukan (Beef cattle feed and fattening business efficiency) UNNES PRESS. Semarang.
Mayulu, H. 2019. TeknologiPakanRuminansia (Ruminant Feed Technology). Raja GrafindoPersada. Depok.
Mayulu, H and T. P. Daru. 2019. Region-based of animal husbandry development policy: a case study in East Kalimantan. Journal of Tropical AgriFood 1(2): 49-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.35941 /jtaf.1.2.2019.2583.49-60
Mustafid, A and S. ‘Uyun. 2018. Digital image processing system to determine the weight of cow using the weight point method. Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science,5(6):677-686. https://doi.org/10.25126 /jtiik201856841
Mudgal, V., M. K. Mehta, and A. S. Rane. 2018. Lentil straw (Lens culinaris): an alternative and nutritious feed resource for kids. Animal Nutrition 4: 417-421.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2018.04.009
Place, S. E and A. M. Miller. 2020. Beef production: what are the human and environmental impacts?. Nutrition Today, 55(5):228-233. https://doi.org/10.1097/NT.0000000000000432
Perwitasari, F. D., A. R. S. Putra, B. Suwignyo and R. Widiati. 2021. Analysis of the Potential of Beef Cattle Business Development in Indramayu District. Animal Production 23(2):127-137
Rotz, C A, S A Hiablie, S Place, and GThoma. 2019. Environmental Footprints of Beef Cattle Production in the United States. Agricultural Systems 169:1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy. 2018.11.005
Salah, N., D.Sauvant and H. Archimede. Response of Growing Ruminants to Diet in Warm Climates: A Meta-Analysis. Nutrition of Goats, Sheep and Cattle in Tropical and Warm Conditions “Evaluation of Energy and Protein Requirements and Animal Responses to Diet. Evaluation of INRA System to Predict Nutritive Value of Forage Resources”. Agricultural sciences. AgroParisTech. pp.38-61.
Santana, M. H. A., P. R. Jr, R. Almeida, and D. C. Cucco. 2012. Feed Efficiency and Its Correlations with Carcass Traits Measured by Ultrasound in Nellore Bulls. Livestock Science 145:252-257.https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2012.02.012
Santoso, B.,and B. W. H. E.Prasetiyono. 2020. The Regional Analysis of Beef Cattle Farm Development in Semarang Regency. Tropical Animal Science Journal 43(1):86-94. https://doi.org/10.5398/tasj.2020.43.1.86
Seymour, D. J., A. Canovas, C. F. Baes, T. C. S.Chud, V. R. Osborne, J. P.Cant, L. F. Brito, B. G. Grand, R. Finocchiaro, R. F. Veerkamp, Y. Haas, and F.Miglior. 2019. Invited Review: Determination of Large-Scale Individual Dry Matter Intake Phenotypes in Dairy Cattle. Jounal of Dairy Science 102 (9):1-10. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-16454
Suit Y B, L Hassan, S E Krauss, S Z Ramanoon, P T Ooi, A R Yasmin, and JEpstei. 2020. Exploring the Mental Model of Cattle Farmers in Disease Prevention and Control Practices. Veterinary Sciences 7(27):4-13.https://doi.org/10.3390/vet sci7010027
Suningsih, N., W. Ibrahim, O.Liandris, and R. Yulianti. 2019. Physical and Nutrition Quality of Fermented Rice Straw in Various Starter Additions. Indonesia Animal Science Journal 14(2): 191-200.
Thakur, M., A. Sharma, V. Ahlawat, M. Bhattacharya, S. Goswami. Process Optimization for The Production Cellulose Nanocrystals from Rice Straw Derived α-cellulose. Materials Science for Energy Technologies 3: 328-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mset.2019.12.005 2589-2991
Vickers, M. 2016. Feeding Growing and Finishing Cattle for Better Returns. AHDB Beef & Lamb is a division of the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB)/ https://projectblue. blob.core.windows.net/media/Default/Imported%20Publication%20Docs/Feeding%20growing%20and%20finishing%20cattle%20for%20better%20returns.pdf. (Accessed: June 02, 2020)
Wiedemann, S., E. M. Gahan, C. Murphy, M. J. Yan, B. Henry, G.Thoma, S. Ledgard. 2015. Environmental Impact and Resource Use of Australian Beef and Lamb Exported to the USA Determined Using Life Cycle Assessment. Journal of Cleaner Production 94: 67-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015. 01.073
Yanuartono, S.Indarjulianto, H. Purnamaningsih, A.Nururrozi, and S. Raharjo. 2019. Fermentation: Methods to Improve Nutrition Value of Rice Straw. Indonesia Animal Science Journal 14(1): 49-60.https://doi.org/10.31186/jspi.id.14.1.49-60