In rearing quails, many attempts have been done to reduce feed cost among other things by replacing partly commercial diet with numerous alternative feed sources such as crab waste meal (CWM), leubim fish (Canthidermis maculata) waste meal (LFWM), and broken rice grains (BRG). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using a mixture feeds composed of CWM + LFWM + BRG as a substitute for commercial laying chicken diets on the quality of quail eggs. This research was conducted at the Field Laboratory of Animal Husbandry and the Laboratory of Poultry Production Science, Syiah Kuala University. This study used 80 female quails (Coturnix-coturnix japonica) females aged 4 weeks. The treatment was feeding quails with the commercial diet of laying hen (324-1M) of which 0, 10, 20, and 30% of the diets was substituted by the mixture feeds composed of CWM + LFWM + BRG. The study was performed into block randomized design (BRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 4 replicate blocks. The blocks were established based on the different initial body weights of 4-week ages of female quails. Each treatment was an experimental unit consisting of 5 female quails each. The measured parameters were Yolk Index (YI), yolk color, Albumen Index (AI), eggshell thickness, and egg weight. The results of the study indicated that using up to 30% mixture feeds composed of 7,5% CWM + 9,1% LFWM + 13,4% BRG as a substitute for commercial laying chicken diets most significantly increased yolk index and yolk color of quail eggs. However, the albumen index, eggshell thickness, and egg weight were not significantly affected.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before or is under consideration for publication elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract). When the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
Anggorodi, R. 1985. Kemajuan Mutakhir dalam Ilmu Makanan Ternak Unggas. PT Gramedia, Jakarta
Bell, D.D., W.D. Weaver and M.O. North. 2002. Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. 5th ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, Massachusetts.
Bilgin, S. and Z.U.C. Fidanbas. 2011. Nutritional properties of crab (Potamon potamios Olivier, 1804) in the lake of Egirdir (Turkey). Pak Vet J, 31(3): 239 ‒ 243.
Buckle, K.A., R.A. Edwards, G.H. Fleet and M. Wotton. 2013. Ilmu Pangan. Terjemahan: H. Purnomo dan Adiono. UI Press, Jakarta.
Chaudhari, P.R., Tamrakar, L. Singh, A.Tandon and D. Sharma. Rice nutritional and medicinal properties: A review article. 2018. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7(2): 150 ‒ 156.
Cho, J.H. and I.H. Kim. 2011. Fish meal – nutritive value. Review Article. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 95: 685 – 692
Dvofrák P., E. Straková, J. Kunová and V. Kunová. 2007. Egg yolk colour dependis upon the composition of the feeding mixture for laying hens. Acta Vet Brno 76: 121 ‒ 127.
Hartadi, H., S. Reksohadiprodjo and A.D. Tillman. 2005. Komposisi Bahan Pakan Untuk Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.
Haryati, E., K. Dahlan and O. Togibasa. 2019. Protein and minerals analyses of mangrove crab shells (Scylla serrata) from Merauke as a Foundation on Bio-ceramic Components. Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1204 (2019):
Laxmi, P.J., V.L.K. Prasad, A.S.R. Murthy and C.E. Reddy. 2002. Correlations among various egg quality traits in white leghorn. J. Indian Vet. 79: 810 ‒ 813.
Maria, A. L.Y., V.M. Maria, A.P. Susana and L.H. Julia. 2011. Chemical composition of snow crab shells (Chionoecetes opilio). Journal of Food Sci. Vol. 9. No. 4: 265 – 270.
Ott, R.L. 1991. An Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis. 4th ed. Duxbury Press, Belmont, California.
Permana, D.P., M. Lamid and S. Suryati. 2014. Perbedaan potensi pemberian bahan substitusi tepung limbah udang dan cangkang kepiting terhadap berat telur dan kerabang telur itik. Jurnal Agro Veteriner 2. (2): 81 ‒ 88.
NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirement of Poultry. National Research Council. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
Ross, L.G. 2001. Prawns of Japan and the world. CRC Press, London.
Souza, M.L.R.D., G.M. Yoshida, D.A.V. Campelo, L.B.D. Moura, T.O. Xavier and E.S.D.R. Goes. 2017. Formulation of fish waste meal for human nutrition. Acta Scientiarum Technology 39: 525 ‒ 531.
Stadellman, W.C. and O.J. Cotteril. 1997. Egg Science and Technology. 4th ed. Food Products Press. An Inprint of the Haworth Press, Inc., New York.
Trisnawati, E., D. Andesti and A. Saleh. 2013. Pembuatan kitosan dari limbah cangkang kepiting sebagai bahan pengawet buah duku dengan variasi lama pengawetan. Jurnal Teknik Kimia No. 2. Vol. 19: 17 ‒ 26.
Wahju, J. 1997. Ilmu Nutrisi Unggas. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.
Ween, O., J.K. Stangel, T.S. Fylling and G.H. Aas. 2017. Nutritional and functional properties of fishmeal produced from fresh by-products of cod (Gadus morhua L.) and saithe (Pollachius virens). Heliyon 3: 1 ‒ 17.
Zulfan, C.A. Fitri and S.M. Pratama. 2016. Evaluasi daging ayam broiler dengan pemberian ransum komersil yang sebagian disubstitusi dengan menir dan bungkil kelapa serta penambahan probiotik moralis. Prosiding Seminar BKS PTN Wilayah Barat, Universitas Malikul Saleh, Lhokseumawe August, 2016. Pp: 422 ‒ 43.