Mastitis Detection in Holstein Sahiwal Crossbred Cattle (Bos taurus) Using Different Brands and Dilution Levels of Liquid Anionic Surfactants

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Yancy Ogdamin Waminal
Marjorie Raboy Gambol
Ahron Caiman Sabado
John Paul Muring Vallejos
Ronaldo Curameng Briones
Esteward Jones Manlangit Estabillo

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate the effect, consistency, and economic viability of using different brands and dilution levels of liquid anionic surfactants to detect Mastitis in dairy cattle. Fifty-five milk samples were collected and subjected to macroscopic evaluation at a cattle farm located in Sta. Maria, Bulacan, Philippines. Milk samples were brought to the Philippine Carabao Center National Headquarters and Genepool Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija for Somatic Cell Count. The experiment used 10 treatments with 3 replications arranged in a Completely Randomized Design. The macroscopic evaluation results showed that liquid anionic surfactants at 30%-50% dilution levels could detect Mastitis in dairy cattle. This was validated by the somatic cell count results from PCC Dairy Laboratory. On the other hand, statistical analysis results revealed that the treatments and the control (commercial mastitis test) were comparable except for brand Z at a 40% dilution rate. Brand Z at 30% and 50% dilution rate were found to be consistent among other treatments in detecting Mastitis in dairy cattle. In terms of economic viability, brand X and brand Y at 30% were the cheapest and had the lowest production cost and highest percentage savings.


The study was conducted to evaluate the effect, consistency, and economic viability of using different brands and dilution levels of liquid anionic surfactants to detect Mastitis in dairy cattle. Fifty-five milk samples were collected and subjected to macroscopic evaluation at a cattle farm located in Sta. Maria, Bulacan, Philippines. Milk samples were brought to the Philippine Carabao Center National Headquarters and Genepool Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija for Somatic Cell Count. The experiment used 10 treatments with 3 replications arranged in a Completely Randomized Design. The macroscopic evaluation results showed that liquid anionic surfactants at 30%-50% dilution levels could detect Mastitis in dairy cattle. This was validated by the somatic cell count results from PCC Dairy Laboratory. On the other hand, statistical analysis results revealed that the treatments and the control (commercial mastitis test) were comparable except for brand Z at a 40% dilution rate. Brand Z at 30% and 50% dilution rate were found to be consistent among other treatments in detecting Mastitis in dairy cattle. In terms of economic viability, brand X and brand Y at 30% were the cheapest and had the lowest production cost and highest percentage savings.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Waminal, Y. O., Gambol, M. R., Sabado, A. C., Vallejos, J. P. M., Briones, R. C., & Estabillo, E. J. M. (2021). Mastitis Detection in Holstein Sahiwal Crossbred Cattle (Bos taurus) Using Different Brands and Dilution Levels of Liquid Anionic Surfactants. ANIMAL PRODUCTION, 23(3), 144-150. https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jap.2021.23.3.103

References

Andersen, HJ, LH Petersen, FM Aarestrup, and M Chriel. 2003. Evaluation of the surveillance program of Streptococcus agalactiae in Danish dairy herds. Journal of Dairy Science. 86 (4): 1233-1239
Andersen, S, IR Dohoo, RO Riekerink, and H Stryhn. 2011. Diagnosing intramammary infections: evaluation of definitions based on a single milk sample. Journal of Dairy Science. 94:250-291.
Breen, JE, AJ Bradley, and MJ Green. 2009. Quarter and cow risk factor associated with somatic cell count greater than per milliliter in United Kingdom dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 92 (7): 3106-3115.
Bytyqi, H, U Zaugg, K Sherifi, A Hamidi, M Gjonbalaj, S Muji, and H Mehmeti. 2011. Influence of management and physiological factors on somatic cell count in raw milk in Kosova. Veterinarski Archiv, 80(2):173-183.
Cervinkowa, D, H Vlokova, I Borodacouva, and J Makouvoca. 2013. Prevalence of mastitis pathogens in milk from clinically healthy cows. Veterinary Medicine Journal. 58 (11):567-575.
Cunha, RP, LR Molina, AM Carvalho, and RM Ferreira. 2008. Sub-clinical mastitis and relationship between somatic cell count with a number of lactations, production, and chemical composition of milk. Vet Med. 60:19-24.
Dingwell, RT, KE Leslie, YH Schukken, JM Sargeant, and LL Timms. 2003. Evaluation of the California mastitis test to detect an intramammary infection with a major pathogen in early lactation dairy cows. Canadian Veterinary Journal. 44: 413.
Dobranie, V, B Njari, B Miokovic, and R Resanova. 2008. The influence of the season on chemical composition and somatic cell count of bulk tank cow's milk. Vet Archive. 78.235-242
El-Attar, AA, ME Salama, and MM Abd El-Samie. 2002. Incidence of mastitis in lactating cows and buffaloes kept under different management conditions in Ismailia province. Veterinary Medicine Journal. 2: 583.
Gangan, JA. 2018. Detection of Mastitis in dairy buffalo using different brands and dilution levels of liquid anionic surfactants.
Halasa, T, and O Osterus. 2007. Economic effects of bovine mastitis and mastitis management. Vet Q. 29:18-31.
Kandasamy, S, BB Green, AL Benjamin, and DE Kerr. 2011. Cow variation in dermal fibrilast response to lipopolysaccharide reflected in resolution of inflammation during E. coli mastitis. Journal of Dairy Science. (94(12):5963-75 doi: 103168 / jds 20111-4288.
Kuang, Y, H Jia, K Miyanaga, and Y Tanji. 2009. Effect of milk on antibacterial activity of tetracycline against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine. Applied microbiology and biotechnology. 84. 135-42.
Leslie, KE, RT Dingwell, and LL Tiims. 2002. Evaluation of the California mastitis test to detect an intramammary infection with a major pathogen in early lactation dairy cows. The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 44(5): 413-416.
Le Roux, Y, and F Moussaqui. 2003. Polymorphonuclear protolyse acting and milk composition change. Vet res. 629-645.
Ma, Y, C Ryan, DM Barbano, DM Gakton, MA Rudan, and KJ Boor. 2000. Effect of somatic cell count on quality and shelf-life of pasteurized fluid milk. Journal of Dairy Science. 83:264-274.
Mahmoud, AA. 1988. Some studies on subclinical mastitis dairy cattle. Assiut Veterinary Medicine Journal. 20: 150.
Ogola, H, and A Shitandi. 2007. Effect of mastitis on raw milk composition quality. Journal of Dairy Science. 8:237-242.
Rady, AA, and M Sayed. 2009. Epidemiological studies on subclinical mastitis in dairy cows in Assiut governorate. Veterinary World. 2(10):373-380.
Santos, MV, and DM Barbaro. 2003. Effect of somatic cell count on proteolyses and lipolysis in pasteurized fluid milk during shelf-life storage. Journal of Dairy Science. 86:2491-2503.
Seegers, H, C Flouricho, and F Beaudu. 2003. Related to mastitis economics in dairy cattle herds. Veterinary Research. 34:475-91.
Schukken, YH, DJ Wilson, F Welcome, LG Tikofsky, and RN Gonzalez. 2003. Monitoring udder health and milk quality using somatic cell counts. Veterinary Research. 34:579-596.
Sharma, N, NK Singh, and MS Bhadwal. 2011. Relationship of somatic cell count and mastitis: An overview. Division of Veterinary Clinical Medicine and Jurisprudence, SKUAST-J, India. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science. 24(3): 429-438.
Syamsi, AN, M Pratiwi, and AP Nugroho. 2019. Inhibition Activity of Garlic (Allium sativum) Skin Extract on Mastitis Causing Microorganism. Animal Production, 21(1):38-42.
Viguier, C, S Arora, N Gilmartin, K Welbeck, and R O’kennedy. 2009. Mastitis detection: current trends and future perspectives. Trends in Biotechnology. 27. 486-493.
Waminal, YO. 2021. Low-cost liquid anionic surfactant in mastitis detection for small scale dairy buffalo raisers in the Philippines. European Journal of Agricultural and Rural Education. 2(4), 43-48.
Waminal, YO, GASP Tubalinal, and CN Mingala. 2019. Molecular characterization of lactoferrin gene as genetic marker to subclinical mastitis in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 7(4):564-572.
Zdunczyk, S, H Zerbe, and M Hoedemaker. 2003. Importance of oestrogen and oestrogen-active compounds for udder health in cattle: A review. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 110: 461.