This research was conducted to know the impact of methane reduction in ruminants using coconut pulp as feed substrate on the quality of goat meat. This study used coconut pulp as an antimetanogenic substrate and was added to ruminant feed. There were twenty goats aged + 1 year. The feed was given with a formulation of 60: 40% forage and concentrate in dry matter with a composition according to the needs of the goats. This research was carried out by treating coconut pulp with four levels of different treatment, namely 5, 10, 15, and 20% and compared with the treatment without using coconut pulp (0%). This experiment used a completely randomized design with four replications. The average difference of treatment was continued with the Duncan Multi Range Test (DMRT) test. The goats were kept for 60 days and they were slaughtered to measure the quality of meat. The variables measured were physical and chemical quality of goat meat. The results showed that the physical quality and the chemical quality of the meat had no significant effect. The conclusion of this research is the use of coconut pulp as an antimethanogenic substrate for goat feed can maintain the physical and chemical quality of meat and reduce meat cholesterol.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before or is under consideration for publication elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract). When the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
Aksoy Y, Ü Çiçek, U Şen, E Şirin, M Uğurlu, A Önenç, M Kuran and Z Ulutaş. 2019. Meat production characteristics of Turkish native breeds: II. meat quality, fatty acid, and cholesterol profile of lambs. Arch. Anim. Breed. 62:41–48.
Aqsha GE, E Purbowati and AN Al-Baari. 2011. Komposisi Kimia Daging Kambing Kacang, In: Prosiding Workshop Nasional Diversifikasi Pangan Daging Ruminansia Kecil, Jakarta. Pp:104-109
Arshad MS, M Sohaib, RS Ahmad, MT Nadeem, A Imran, MU Arshad, JH Kwon and Z Amjad. 2018. Ruminant meat flavor influenced by different factors with special reference to fatty acids. Lipids in Health and Disease. 17(1):1-13
Aulawi T. 2013. Hubungan konsumsi daging merah dan gaya hidup terhadap risiko kanker kolon. Kutubkhanah. 16(1): 37-45
Berg RT and RM Butterfield. 1976. New Conceps of Cattle Growth. Stdney University Press. Sydney
Cross AJ, LM Ferrucci, A Risch, BI Graubard, MH Ward, Y Park, AR Hollenbeck, A Schatzkin and R Sinha. 2011. A large prospective study of meat consumption and colorectal cancer risk: an investigation of potential mechanisms underlying this association. Cancer Res. 70(6):2406-2414.
Bouton PE, PV Haris and WR Shorthose. 1976. Factor influencing cooking losses from meat. J. Food Sci. 41:1092 – 1095.
Forest JC, EB Aberle, HB Hedrick, MD Judge and RA Merkel. 1975. Principles of Meat Science. W.H. Freeman and Co. San Fransisco.
Gama KVMF, JM Pereira Filho, RF Soares, MA Cordão, MF Cézar, ASM Batista, AMA Silva, M Madruga, RL Oliveira and LR Bezerra. 2020. Fatty acid, chemical, and tissue composition of meat comparing Santa Inês breed sheep and Boer crossbreed goats submitted to different supplementation strategies. Tropical animal health and production. 52(2):601-610.
Geay Y, D Bauchart, JF Hocquette and J Culioli. 2001. Effect of nutritional factors on biochemical, structural and metabolic characteristics of muscles in ruminant, consequences on dietetic value and sensorical qualities of meat. Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 41:1-26
Imam K, E Purbowati and R. Adiwinarti. 2016. Komposisi kimia daging kambing kacang jantan yang diberi pakan dengan kualitas berbeda. Animal Agriculture Journal 2(4):23-30
Lawrie RA. 1979. Meat Science 3rd Ed. Perganion Press. Oxford.
Lee JH, B Kouakou and G Kaanan. 2008. Chemical composition and quality characteristics of chevon from goats fed three different post-weaning diets. Small Rumin. Res. 75:177-184
Li Y, J Li, L Zhang, F Gao and G Zhou. 2017. Effects of dietary starch types on growth performance, meat quality and myofibre type of finishing pigs. Meat Science. 131:60–67.
Machmuller A. 2006. Medium chain fatty acids and their potensial to reduce methanogenesis in domestic ruminants. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 112:107-114
Santos CL, JRO Perez, CAC da Cruz, JA Muniz, PA Santos and TRV Almeida. 2008. Chemical composition of carcass cuts of Santa Ines and Bergamacia Lambs. Cienc. Technol. Aliment. 28:51-59
Setyaningrum A, S Soeparno, LM Yusiati and K Koestantinah. 2015. Performance and meat quality of thin tailed sheep in supplementary
feeding lemuru fish oil protected by saponification with different naoh concentration. Animal Production. 17(3): 177-185
Shija DS, LA Mtenga, AE Kimambo, GH Laswai, DE Mushi, DM Mgheni, AJ Mwilawa, EJM Shirima and JG Safari. 2013. Chemical composition and meat quality attributes of indigenous sheep and goats from traditional production system in Tanzania. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 26(2):295–302.
Soeparno, 2016. Ilmu dan Teknologi Daging. 2nd edition. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta
Sondakh EHB, JAD Kalele, and FS Ratulangi. 2017. The use of coconut pulp as a feed substrate to methanogenesis inhibitor in in vitro rumen fluid fermentation. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture. 42(3): 202-209
Sondakh EHB, LM Yusiati, H Hartadi and E Suryanto. 2012a. The effect of methanogenic inhibitor feed on propionic acid and lamb meat chemical quality. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture. 37(3): 183-188
Sondakh EHB, LM Yusiati, H Hartadi and E Suryanto. 2012b. Bungkil kelapa sumber medium chain fatty acids dalam pakan ruminansia sebagai agensia penurun gas metan pada fermentasi rumen secara in vitro. Agrinimal. 2(2): 39-43.
Steel RGD and JH Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. 1st edition. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc. New York.
Swatland HJ. 1984. Structure and Development of Meat Animal. Prentice-Hall Irc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.