The Effect of Supplementation of Avocado Seed Flour (Persea americana Mill.) in Feed on Blood Lipids Profile and Egg Yolk Cholesterol of Japanese Quail (Corturnix-corturnix japonica)

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Yosua Sujud Apriyanto
Ning Iriyanti
Elly Tugiyanti

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of avocado seed flour (ASF) supplementation in feed on blood lipids and quail egg yolk cholesterol. The materials were 100 female quails aged 4 weeks old with ration ingredients consist of corn, bran, paddy, soybean meal, fish flour, avocado seed flour, palm oil, CaCO3, premix, lysine, and methionine. The research conducted an experiment with 4 treatments of ASF supplementation levels incorporated into basal feed, namely 0% ASF (R0), 3% ASF (R1), 6% ASF (R2), and 9% ASF (R3). The observed variables included blood cholesterol, High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride, and egg yolk cholesterol. The data were subjected to the one-way Analysis of variance (ANOVA) in a completely randomized design, followed by HSD test when differences between treatments were observed. The result showed that ASF supplementation significantly reduced blood cholesterol levels and the egg yolk cholesterol, did not significantly affect LDL and triglyceride levels. The HDL levels and egg yolk cholesterol tend to decrease as the level of ASF increased. It is concluded that avocado seed flour (ASF) supplementation up to 9% is safe for quail feed supplementation.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Sujud Apriyanto, Y., Iriyanti, N., & Tugiyanti, E. (2021). The Effect of Supplementation of Avocado Seed Flour (Persea americana Mill.) in Feed on Blood Lipids Profile and Egg Yolk Cholesterol of Japanese Quail (Corturnix-corturnix japonica). ANIMAL PRODUCTION, 23(1), 10-17. https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jap.2021.23.1.28

References

Afrose, S., M.S. Hossain and H. Tsujii. 2010. Effect of Dietary Karaya Saponin on Serum and Egg Yolk Cholesterol In Laying Hens. Br. Poult. Sci. 51(6):797-804.
Aliakbarzadeh, G., H. Sereshti, and H.Parastar. 2016. Fatty Acids Profiling of Avocado Seed and Pulp Using Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry Combined with Multivariate Chemometric Techniques.J. Iranian Chem. Soc. 13(10):1905-1913.
Arrosichin, K., V.D. Yunianto and F. Wahyono. 2016. Kandungan Kolesterol, High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) dan Low Density Lipopro-Tein (LDL) Darah Burung Puyuh dengan Pemberian Aditif Cair Buah Naga Merah. JIP. 26(1):16-22.
Aviati, V., S.M. Mardiati and T.R. Saraswati. 2014. Kadar Kolesterol Telur Puyuh Setelah Pemberian Tepung Kunyit Dalam Pakan. Buletin Anatomi Fisiologi dh Sellula. 22(1): 58-64.
Budiarto, M.A. and E.Y.W. Yuniwarti. 2016. Pengaruh Pemberian Tepung Daun Jati Belanda (guazuma ulmifolia l.)dalam Pakan terhadap Kadar Trigliserida Darah dan Lemak Abdominal Ayam Broiler. BuletinAnatomi Fis. 1(1) : 43-47.
Citrawidi, T.A., W. Murningsih and V.D.Y.B. Ismadi. 2012. Pengaruh Pemeraman Ransum dengan Sari Daun Pepaya terhadap Kolesterol Darah dan Lemak Total Ayam Broiler. Anim. Agric. J. 1(1):529-540.
Djaelani, M.A. 2018. Suplementasi Tepung Kulit Kayu Manis dan Daun Pegagan dalam Pakan terhadap Kandungan Kolesterol dan Antioksidan Telur Puyuh. Bioma: J. Ilmiah Biologi. 7(1):65-81.
Dogan, S.C., M. Baylan, Z. Erdogan, G.C. Akpinar, A. Kucukgul and V. Duzguner. 2016. Performance, Egg Quality and Serum Parameters of Japanese Quails Fed Diet Supplemented with Spirulina Platensis. Fres. Env. Bull. 25(25):5857-5862.
Fadel, O., K. El Kirat and S. Morandat. 2011. The Natural Antioxidant Rosmarinic Acid Spontaneously Penetrates Membranes to Inhibit Lipid Peroxidation In Situ. BBA-Biomembranes. 1808(12):2973-2980.
Henry, L.N., U.Y. Mtaita and C.C. Kimaro. 2015. Nutritional Efficacy of Avocado Seeds.Glob. J. Food Sci. Tech. 3(5):192-196.
Heryani, R. 2016. Pengaruh Ekstrak Buah Naga Merah terhadap Profil Lipid Darah Tikus Putih Hiperlipidemia. JIT. 10(1):9-17.
Kochikuzhyil, B.M., K. Devi and S.R. Fattepur. 2010. Effect of Saturated Fatty Acid-Rich Dietary Vegetable Oils on Lipid Profile, Antioxidant Enzymes And Glucose Tolerance In Diabetic Rats. Indian J. Pharmacol. 42(3):142-145.
Meisyahputri, B. and M. Ardiaria. 2017. Pengaruh Pemberian Kombinasi Minyak Rami dengan Minyak Wijen terhadap Kadar Kolesterol High Density Lipoprotein(HDL) Tikus Sprague Dawley Dislipidemia.Doctoral dissertation, Diponegoro University, Semarang.
Morse, N. 2015. Lipid-Lowering and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Palmitoleic Acid: Evidence from Preclinical and Epidemiological Studies. Lipid Tech. 27(5):107-111.
Orbayinah, S. and K.E. Permana. 2016. Pengaruh Ekstrak Buah Anggur Merah (vitis vinifera l) terhadap Kadar Trigliserida Darah Tikus Putih (rattus novergicuss). Mutiara Medika: JKK. 11(3):175-180.
Orhevba, B.A. and A.O. Jinadu. 2011. Determination of Physico-Chemical Properties and Nutritional Contents of Avocado Pear (persea americana m.). ARI. 1(3):372-380.
Shehata, M.M.S.M. and S.S. Soltan. 2013. Effects of Bioactive Component of Kiwi Fruit and Avocado (Fruit and Seed) on Hypercholesterolemic Rats. World J. of Dairy & Food Sci. 8(1):82-93.
Shenatmoko, A.D., A. Kurniawan, G.C. Gumilar, A. Ratriyanto, R. Indreswari and R. Dewanti. 2013. Pengaruh Suplementasi Betain terhadap Beberapa Parameter Lipida dan Protein Darah pada Puyuh. Sains Peternakan. 11(1):14-18.
Siregar, R.N.I. 2015. The Effect of Eugenia Polyantha Extract on LDLCholesterol. J. Majority. 4(5):85-92.
Siri-Tarino, P.W., Q. Sun, F.B. Hu and R.M. Krauss. 2010. Saturated Fatty Acids and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: Modulation by Replacement Nutrients. CAR. 12(6):384-390.
Suciningtyas, C.P. 2016. Pengaruh Ransum yang Mengandung Tepung Buah Mengkudu (morinda citrifolia l.) terhadap Kandungan Kolesterol dan Warna Yolk Telur Puyuh (cortunix cortunix japonica). Students e-journal, 5(2):1-10.
Sya'bani, N., W. Astuti and D.R. Pratiwi. 2017. Isolasi dan Karakterisasi Lipase dari Kecambah Biji Alpukat (persea americana mill). J. Atomik. 2(2):209-212.
Tsalissavrina, I., D. Wahono and D. Handayani. 2013. Pengaruh Pemberian Diet Tinggi Karbohidrat dibandingkan Diet Tinggi Lemak terhadap Kadar Trigliserida dan HDL Darah pada rattus novergicus galur wistar. J. Kedokteran Brawijaya. 22(2):80-89.
Tunsaringkarn, T., W. Tungjaroenchai and W. Siriwong. 2013. Nutrient Benefits of Quail (coturnix coturnix japonica) Eggs. IJSRP. 3(5):1-8.
Uchenna, U.E., A.B. Shori and A.S. Baba. 2017.
Inclusion of Avocado (persea americana) Seeds in the Diet to Improve Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism in Rats. RAEM. 54(3):140-148.
Ujilestari, T., S. Kismiati and E. Suprijatna. 2015. Pengaruh Penggunaan Tepung Limbah Rumput Laut (gracilaria verrucosa)Terfermentasi dalam Ransum terhadap Kualitas Kimiawi Telur Puyuh (coturnix coturnix japonica).Anim. Agric. J. 4(1):115-20.
Vinha, A.F., J. Moreira and S.V. Barreira. 2013. Physicochemical Parameters, Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of the Algarvian Avocado (persea americana mill.). J. of Agric. Sci. 5(12):100-109.