Quantitative and Qualitative Characteristics of Boer x Local Goats Crossbred

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Agus Budiarto
Agus Susanto
Gatot Ciptadi
Ardyah Ramadhina Irsanti Putri
Moch. Aris Sunaryo

Abstract

The Boercang goat is a crossbred between male Boer goat and local female goat. This study was aimed to analyze the production and physical performances of Boercang goats during the weaning up to the age of one year. Thirty nine males and 37 females goats aged 3 - 12 months were used in the study. Body weight, daily weight gain, coat colour pattern, horn, ears, nose shape and birth type were recorded during study. The data obtained were calculated for the means, standard deviation (SD), and coefficient of variation (CV) and the analysis was descriptive. Student t test was performed to compare differences between groups of age and between group of sex. Field observations showed that the qualitative characteristics of Boercang such as body colour, horns, ears, and nose shape were 50 % identical with the characteristics of male Boer. The average body weight of the male Boercang goats was 23.02±1.56 kg whereas the female Boercang goats was 21.86±1.63 kg. Body weight gain was affected by age and birth type. The conclusion is that the genetic superiority of the qualitative characteristics of the Boer goats is still expressed in the offspring although it varies; for the characteristics of horns, colour patterns and ears still contribute more than 50%. The appearance of superior quantitative traits from the male Boer goat during the period of weaning up to one year of age both based on the birth type and offspring sex tends to be higher than the appearance of local goat.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Budiarto, A., Susanto, A., Ciptadi, G., Putri, A. R. I., & Sunaryo, M. A. (2021). Quantitative and Qualitative Characteristics of Boer x Local Goats Crossbred. ANIMAL PRODUCTION, 23(2), 77-83. https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jap.2021.23.2.109

References

Akis, Iraz, K. Oztabak, F.E. Gursel, C. Un. 2012. Goat Agouti gene polymorphism and its association with coat color in indigenous Turkish goat breeds. Vet Med Zoot. 60:3-6.
Ashari, M., R. R. A. Suhardiani and R. Andriati. 2015. Tampilan Bobot Badan dan Ukuran Linier Tubuh Domba Ekor Gemuk pada Umur Tertentu di Kabupaten Lombok Timur Performance of the Body Weight and the Linear Body Size of the Certain Age of Fat-Tailed Sheep in East Lombok Regency. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia Volume, 1(1), 24–30.
Badaoui, B., M. D'Andrea, F. Pilla, J. Capote, A. Zidi, J. Jordana, A. Ferrando, J.V. Delgado, A. Martinez, O. Vidal , M. Amills. 2011. Polymorphism of the goat Agouti signaling protein gene and its relationship with coat color in Italian and Spanish breeds. Biochem Genet. 49:523-532.
Brand, T.S., Van Der Merwe, D.A., Swart, E. and Hoffman, L.C., 2017. Comparing the effect of age and dietary energy content on feedlot performance of Boer goats. Small Ruminant Research, 157, pp.40-46.
Elieser, S. 2015. Performans Produksi Anak Hasil Persilangan Kambing Boer dan Kacang. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veterniner (pp. 315–323).
Ginting, S. P. 2005. Sinkronisasi degradasi protein dan energi dalam rumen untuk memaksimalkan produksi protein mikrobia. Wartazoa, 15(1), 1–10.
Ginting, S. P. and F. Mahmilia. 2008. Kambing Boerka kambing tipe pedaging hasil persilangan Boer x Kacang. Wartazoa, 18(3), 115–126.
Henkel, J., Saif, R., Jagannathan, V., Schmocker, C., Zeindler, F., Bangerter, E., Herren, U., Posantzis, D., Bulut, Z., Ammann, P. and Drögemüller, C., 2019. Selection signatures in goats reveal copy number variants underlying breed-defining coat color phenotypes. PLoS genetics, 15(12), p.e1008536.
Li, X., J. Zhao, C. Tang, R. Zhou, G. Zheng, L. Li, X. Guo. 2010. Sequencing of part of the goat Agouti Gene. Biochem Genet. 48:152-156.
Lu, C. D. 2001. Boer goat Production : Progress and Perspective. In Proceedings of International Conference on Boer Goats. October 20-24, 2001. (pp. 1–11). Anshun, China.
Menezes, L.M., Sousa, W.H., Cavalcanti-Filho, E.P. and Gama, L.T., 2016. Genetic parameters for reproduction and growth traits in Boer goats in Brazil. Small Ruminant Research, 136, pp.247-256.
Meza-Herrera, C.A., Menendez-Buxadera, A., Serradilla, J.M., Lopez-Villalobos, N. and Baena-Manzano, F., 2019. Estimates of genetic parameters and heterosis for birth weight, one-month weight and litter size at birth in five goat breeds. Small Ruminant Research, 174, pp.19-25.
Nasich, M. 2012. Produktivitas kambing hasil persilangan antara pejantan Boer dengan induk lokal (PE) periode prasapih. TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production, 12(1), 56–62.
Saleem, A.M., Zanouny, A.I. and Singer, A.M., 2017. Growth performance, nutrients digestibility, and blood metabolites of lambs fed diets supplemented with probiotics during pre-and post-weaning period. Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 30(4), p.523.
Subandriyo. 2004. Strategi Pemanfaatan Plasma Nutfah Kambing lokal dan Peningkatan Mutu Genetik Kambing di Indonesia. In Prosiding Lokakarya Nasional Kambing Potong. Bogor: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peternakan.
Sulastri, S., S. Sumadi, T. Hartatik and N. Ngadiyono. 2014. Performans Pertumbuhan Kambing Boerawa di Village Breeding Centre, Desa Dadapan, Kecamatan Sumberejo, Kabupaten Tanggamus, Provinsi Lampung. Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan, 12(1), 1–9.
Susanto, A., Nurgiartiningsih, V.M.A. and Hakim, L., 2018. (Co) variance components and genetics parameter estimation for linear traits in Holstein cattle in Indonesia: traits related to foot/leg and udder. Archives animal breeding, 61(4), pp.491-496.
Syawal, M. , 2010. Karakterisktik Morfologi Dan Produksi kambing Boer, Kacang Dan Persilangannya pada Umur 0-3 Bulan (PraSapih). In Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner (Vol. 2010, pp. 616–620).
Victori, A., Purbowati, E., and Lestari, C. M. S. , 2016. Hubungan antara ukuran-ukuran tubuh dengan bobot badan kambing Peranakan Etawah jantan di Kabupaten Klaten. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science), 26(1), 23–28.
Wang, X., J. Liu, G. Zhou, J. Guo, H. Yan, Y. Niu, … Y. Chen. 2016. Whole-genome sequencing of eight goat populations for the detection of selection signatures underlying production and adaptive traits.
Williams, R. B. H., E. K. F. Chan, M.J. Cowley and P. F. R. Little. 2007. The influence of genetic variation on gene expression, 17, 1707–1716. https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.6981507.sp ecific
Wu, Z.L., X.L. Li, Y.Q. Liu, Y.F. Gong, Z.Z. Liu, X.J. Wang, T.R. Xin and Q. Ji. 2006. The red head and neck of Boer goats may be controlled by the recessive allele of the MC1R gene. Animal Research, 55(4), 313–322.
Zhang, L., J. Liu, F. Zhao, H. Ren, L. Xu, J. Lu and L. Du. 2013. GenomeWide Association Studies for Growth and Meat Production Traits in Sheep. PLoS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0 066569